Facts and Figures I

For several quarters in a row now, the Slovak Republic has been maintaining a substantial economic growth rate in the context of the European Union, which opens doors to further development in the sphere of science and research as well.

As a matter of fact, science and research represent a significant economic sector that has great potential for increasing the country’s rate of progress and competitiveness on international markets. It is highly important for the Slovak Republic to carry on following the example of several advanced EU economies, increasing its research and development expenditure every year so as to improve the environment and technology in the country and motivate our “brains” not to go abroad and create value at home instead.

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Research and Development Expenditure According to Funding Types (thousand €)


2012 2013 2014 2015
State resources 253 404.82 254 381.43 291 843.47 326 340.79
Business resources 220 664.28 245 540.83 215 715.53 232 349.22
Funding from abroad 109 144.60 109 748.79 158 567.07 265 642.29
Funding provided by private non-profit organisations 2 011.54 1 205.12 3 506.24 2 939.97
Total 585 225.24 610 876.18 669 632.31 927 272.29
Proportion of GDP spent on research and development 0.81 0.83 0.89 1.19

Source: Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of Slovak Republic

Research and Development Employees by Scientific Field Between 2012 and 2015


2012 2013 2014 2015
Natural sciences (persons) 5178 4896 5048 4730
Technical sciences 10081 9790 10042 10669
Medical pharmaceutical sciences 3641 3280 3259 3292
Agricultural sciences 1723 1125 1599 1842
Social sciences 4814 5175 4836 4612
Humanities 3443 3557 4041 3607
Total 28880 27823 28825 28752

Source: Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of Slovak Republic

Research and Development Employees by Sector Between 2012 and 2015


2012 2013 2014 2015
Business sector 5138 4889 5397 6119
Government sector 5079 4398 5227 5529
University sector 18556 18465 18136 17005
Private non-profit sector 107 71 65 99

Source: Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of Slovak Republic